16 Tenses Bahasa Inggris Penjelasan Dan contoh Kalimatnya

Friday, September 29th, 2017 - Grammar, Tenses

Menguasai 16 tenses bahasa inggris merupakan salah satu modal dasar untuk belajar bahasa inggris. Sobat jangan dulu ragu karena melihat jumlah 16 tenses bahasa inggris yang terlihat membingungkan. Sobat bisa melihat rumus 16 tenses bahasa inggris dari CoBI.

16 Tenses Bahasa Inggris

Yang dimaksud tenses adalah bentuk kata kerja dalam bahasa Inggris untuk menunjukkan waktu (sekarang, masa depan, atau masa lalu) terjadinya suatu perbuatan atau peristiwa. Dalam bahasa Indonesia, kita tinggal menambahkan “dulu”, “besok”, atau keterangan waktu yang lain, namun dalam bahasa inggris, kita menggunakan 16 tenses bahasa inggris.

16 Tenses Bahasa Inggris

16 Tenses Bahasa Inggris

1. Rumus Simple Present Tense

Simple present tense digunakan untuk menyatakan fakta, kebiasaan, dan kejadian yang terjadi pada saat sekarang ini.

(+) S + V1 + O/C
(-) S + do/does + not + V1
(?) Do/does + S + V1

Contoh kalimat Simple Present Tense:

(+) Nanda reads book everyday.
(-) Nanda does not read book everyday.
(?) Does Nanda read book everyday?
Yes, she does. / No, she does not.

2. Rumus Present Continuous Tense:

Present continuous tense digunakan untuk membicarakan aksi yang sedang berlangsung sekarang atau rencana dimasa depan.

(+) S + be + V1 + ing
(-) S + be + not + V1 + ing
(?) Be + S + V1 + ing

Contoh Kalimat Present Continuous Tense:

(+) He is playing badminton now
(-) He is not playing badminton now
(?) Is he playing badminton now?
Yes, he is. / No, he is not.

3. Rumus Present Perfect Tense

Present perfect tense digunakan untuk mengungkapkan suatu aktivitas atau situasi yang telah dimulai di masa lalu dan telah selesai pada suatu titik waktu tertentu di masa lalu atau masih berlanjut sampai sekarang.

(+) S + has/have + been
S + has/have + V3
(-) S + has/have + not + been
S + has/have + not + V3
(?) Have/has + S + been
Have/has + S + V3

Contoh Kalimat  Present Perfect Tense:

(+) He has been at home for a month.
Roni has eaten the steak already.
(-) He has not been at home for a month.
Roni has not eaten the steak already.
(?) Has he been at home for a month?
Has he eaten the steak already?
Yes, he has. / No, he has not.

4. Rumus Present Perfect Continuous Tense:

Present perfect continuous tense mengungkapkan aksi yang telah selesai pada suatu titik dimasa lampau atau aksi telah dimulai di masa lalu dan terus berlanjut sampai sekarang. Aksi tersebut memiliki durasi waktu tertentu dan ada relevansinya dengan kondisi sekarang.

(+) S + have/has + been + V-ing
(-) S + have/has + not + been + V-ing
(?) Have/has + S + been + V-ing

Contoh Kalimat Perfect Continuous Tense:

(+) He has been playing guitar for two hours.
(-) He has not been playing guitar for two hours.
(?) Has he been playing guitar for two hours?
Yes, he has. / No, he has not.

5. Rumus Simple Past Tense:

Simple past tense menunjukkan bahwa suatu kejadian terjadi di masa lampau.

(+) S + to be (was/were) + O/C
S + V2
(-) S + to be (was/were) + not + O/C
S + did not + V1
(?) Did + S + V1

Contoh Kalimat  Simple Past Tense:

(+) He was a student in 1999.
He visited me yesterday.
(-) He was not a student in 1999.
He did not visit me yesterday.
(?) Did he visit you yesterday?
Yes, he did. / No, he did not.

6. Rumus Past Continuous Tense:

Past continuous tense digunakan untuk mengungkapkan bahwa suatu aksi sedang terjadi pada waktu tertentu di masa lampau. Biasanya berhubungan dengan kejadian lain.

(+) S + to be (was/were) + V-ing
(-) S + to be (was/were) + not + V-ing
(?) Was/were + S + V-ing

Contoh Kalimat  Past Continuous Tense:

(+) She was sleeping when I came.
(-) She was not sleeping when I came.
(?) Was she sleeping when you came?
Yes, she was. / No, she was not.

7. Rumus Past Perfect Tense:

Past perfect tense menyatakan bahwa suatu aksi telah selesai pada suatu titik di masa lalu sebelum aksi lainnya terjadi.

(+) S + had + V3
(-) S + had + not + V3
(?) Had + S + V3

Contoh Kalimat  Past Perfect Tense:

(+) He had gone to school when I called him.
(-) He had not gone to school when I called him.
(?) Had he gone to school when you called him?
Yes, he had. / No, he had not.

8. Rumus Past Perfect Continuous Tense:

Past perfect continuous tense digunakan untuk mengungkapkan bahwa suatu aksi dengan durasi waktu tertentu telah selesai pada suatu titik waktu tertentu dimasa lalu.

(+) S + had + been + V-ing
(-) S + had + not + been + V-ing
(?) Had + S + been + V-ing

Contoh Kalimat Past Perfect Continuous Tense:

(+) They had been living in Jakarta about ten years.
(-) They had not been living in Jakarta about ten years.
(?) Had they been living in Jakarta about ten years?
Yes, they had. / No, they had not.

9. Rumus Simple Future Tense:

Simple future tense menyatakan bahwa suatu aksi terjadi dimasa depan, secara spontan atau terencana.

(+) S + will/shall + V1
S + am/is/are + going to + V1
(-) S + will/shall + not + V1
S + am/is/are + not + going to + V1
(?) Will/shall + S + V1
Am/is/are + S + going to + V1

Contoh Kalimat  Simple Future Tense:

(+) She will eat fried rice.
She is going to eat fried rice.
(-) She will not eat fried rice.
She is not going to eat fried rice.
(?) Will she eat fried rice?
Is she going to eat fried rice?
Yes, she will. / No, she will not.
Yes, she is. / No, she is not.

10. Rumus Future Continuous Tense:

Future continuous tense digunakan untuk mengungkapkan aksi yang akan sedang terjadi pada waktu tertentu di masa depan.

(+) S + will/shall + be + V-ing
(-) S + will/shall + not + be + V-ing
(?) Will/shall + S + be + V-ing

Contoh Kalimat  Future Continuous Tense:

(+) I will be watching a movie tonight.
(-) I will not be watching a movie tonight.
(?) Will you be watching a movie tonight?
Yes, I will. / No, I will not.

11. Rumus Future Perfect Tense:

Future perfect tense mengungkapkan bahwa suatu aktivitas akan sudah selesai pada suatu titik waktu di masa depan.

(+) S + shall/will + have + V3
(-) S + shall/will + not + have + V3
(?) Shall/will + S + have + V3

Contoh Kalimat  Future Perfect Tense:

(+) I will have been in this hospital until tomorrow morning.
He will have rented my house next month.
(-) I will not have been in this hospital until tomorrow morning.
He will not have rented my house next month.
(?) Will you have been in this hospital until tomorrow morning?
Will he have rented my house next month?
Yes, I will. / No, I will not.
Yes, he will. / No, he will not.

12. Rumus Future Perfect Continuous Tense:

Future perfect continuous tense digunakan untuk mengungkapkan bahwa suatu aksi akan sudah berlangsung selama sekian lama pada titik waktu tertentu di masa depan.

(+) S + shall/will + have + been + V-ing
(-) S + shall/will + not + have + been + V-ing
(?) Shall/will + S + have + been + V-ing

Contoh Kalimat  Future Perfect Continuous Tense:

(+) She will have been visiting us tomorrow.
(-) She will not have been visiting us tomorrow.
(?) Will she have been visiting us tomorrow?
Yes, she will. / No, she will not.

13. Rumus Simple Past Future Tense:

Simple past future tense menyatakan suatu aksi yang akan dilakukan, membuat prediksi, dan membuat janji di masa depan pada saat berada dimasa lalu.

(+) S + should/would + V1
(-) S + should/would + not + V1
(?) Should/would + S + V1

Contoh Kalimat  Past Future Tense:

(+) She would love you.
(-) She would not love you.
(?) Would She love you.?
Yes, She  would. / No, She would not.

14. Rumus Past Future Continuous Tense:

Past future continuous tense adalah suatu bentuk kata kerja untuk menyatakan aksi atau situasi imajiner yang sedang berlangsung apabila unreal condition-nya terpenuhi. Termasuk dalam conditional sentence type 2.

(+) S + should/would + be + V-ing
(-) S + should/would + not + be + V-ing
(?) Should/would + S + be + V-ing

Contoh Kalimat  Past Future Continuous Tense:

(+) My brother would be finishing thesis last week if I helped.
(-) My brother would not be finishing thesis last week if I did not help.
(?) Would your brother be finishing thesis last week if you helped?
Yes, he would. / No, he would not.

15. Rumus Past Future Perfect Tense:

Past future perfect tense membicarakan suatu aksi yang tidak terjadi di masa lalu disebut juga conditional sentence type 3.

(+)S + should/would + have + V3
(-) S + should/would + not + have + V3
(?) Should/would + S + have + V3

Contoh Kalimat Past Future Perfect Tense:

(+) Marry would have worked here If the company had accept her application.
(-) Marry would not have worked here If the company had not accept her application.
(?) Would Marry have worked here?
Yes, she would. / No, she would not.

16. Rumus Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense:

Past future perfect continuous tense adalah suatu bentuk kata kerja untuk menyatakan suatu aksi atau situasi imajiner sedang berlangsung pada titik tertentu atau selama periode tertentu di masa lampau.

(+) S + should/would + have + been + V-ing
(-) S + should/would + not + have + been + V-ing
(?) Should/would + S + have + been + V-ing

Contoh Kalimat  Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense:

(+) I would have been living Bandung for 10 years if I had not been move to Bali.
(-) I would not have been living Bandung for 10 years if I had been move to Bali.
(?) Would you have been living Bandung for 10 years if you had not been move to Bali?
Yes, I would. / No, I would not.

16 Tenses Bahasa Inggris

Demikian penjelasan, rumus, dan contoh kalimat 16 tenses bahasa inggris.

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